Four years ago when I started this site, I had no idea it would grow into what it has become. And I certainly didn't expect to receive so much response from it! Since I am using a free webhosting service, there were always going to be limits to what I could do here. Well it seems I have reached those limits so it's time to make a change! The new site domain is www.padutchpowwow.com and will be up and running as soon as possible. I have to transfer all of this information to the new home, which may take some time. I chose to move to a new webhost because the price was better. I'm not great at web design so be patient while I work through the tedious task of copying everything and moving it over.... In the meantime, this site will stay up as long as possible! Thank you for visiting me here and I hope to see all of you in the new home on the web very soon!
Before our much Americanized, and commercialized, version of St. Nick, kids growing up in Pennsylvania Dutch homes were taught the Belsnickel story, said Zach Langley, director of education at the Pennsylvania German Cultural Heritage Center at Kutztown University. By the early 20th century, Pennsylvania German families began to assimilate into American customs and the Belsnickel fell out of fashion. This story originally appeared in The Reading Eagle, December 30, 2010. Read the original article HERE.
Really, the Belsnickel was the ultimate judge of whether kids were being good or bad, Langley said.
Europeans who immigrated to America from the Alps brought with them the legend and tradition of the Belsnickel, Langley said.
In the weeks leading up to Christmas in rural Pennsylvania, a man from the town would dress in dirty clothing to take on the character of Belsnickel, Langley said. In many cases, he'd ask kids to recite a Bible verse or some other question to gauge their disposition, he said.
Children were rewarded with nuts, fruit or some other small trinket. But the kids who erred would get a rap on the knuckles, or worse.
"The classic Pennsylvania German image is a fur-covered guy walking around with a switch," Langley said.
And around that time, the familiar version of Santa Claus that we've come to know and love was developing. His image, Langley said, is due in no small part to advertising and the popular media of the day.
Nowadays, the Belsnickel makes appearances during depictions of early Pennsylvania German life at museums and historical societies, Langley said.
That's not a bad way for the Belsnickel to be remembered.
By the early 20th century, Pennsylvania German families began to assimilate into American customs and the Belsnickel fell out of fashion.
This story originally appeared in The Reading Eagle, December 30, 2010.
Read the original article HERE.
Powwowing is the folk magic system as practiced by the Pennsylvania German culture for the past three hundred years, give or take, here in rural Pennsylvania. It is a blend of many systems, such as folk Christianity and eastern European superstition; ceremonial magic, Cabbalistic influence, and Judeo-Christian folklore; and, depending on the culture it's practiced in, may be mixed with shamanic practices and possibly even some native teachings, and it's roots can be reliably traced back as far as the 1st or 2nd century.
"In later years a book of "pow wows" confirming authority given by Jesus to the Elders of the Church, and evidencing some use and nurture among their forbears, was to become a household book, at least with others of German extraction. Known as a "ga-brauch buch," it had a wide circulation, and is still in demand by the descendants of orthodox families and many non-Amish who have heard of its virtue."
A.M. Aurand, The Amish, 1938 READ FULL TEXT HERE
Much of what we know as Pow-wow comes from writings such as Albertus Magnus Egyptian Secrets and John George Hohman's Long Lost Friend and also the Romanusbuchlein. In PA Dutch culture, PowWow is a system that relies on the power of God and Christ and incorporates the mystical teachings and magical philosophies of the Christian mystics who laid the religious foundations here in America. This stipulation seems to fade the further outside of PA Dutch culture the system travels; most especially where it has blended with more modern shamanic or Native American practices...but this takes Powwow into a realm that falls outside the teachings of myself or this website.
The history of the German and Swiss immigration to Pennsylvania was all about religious freedom and economic opportunity. In the German provinces, as well as Austria and Russia and other European locations, the people were not given a choice in their religious practice. If the prince decided he was Lutheran, the people were expected to be Lutheran. If he decided to be Calvinist, so too were the people expected to change. Once the Reformation began, religious tensions ran high, and persecution became commonplace. The Anabaptists knew persecution better than anyone. Their beliefs in adult baptism (that conversion should be a choice) were considered heretical, and their people were hunted down and, in many instances, beheaded. For a more in-depth look at the many Anabaptists who died for their faith, read The Martyrs Mirror. The promise of religious freedom in the New World by William Penn, who was himself quite familiar with religious persecution, was appealing to them, and the waves of immigration began. Early Pennsylvania was both a time of hardship as the people established homes and lands for themselves, but also an exciting time where the Anabaptists, the Quakers, the Brethren, the Moravians, the Lutherans, the Reformed (and a host of other smaller Christian sects) found freedom of religious expression. The fact that our ancestors could choose which church to attend was a very big deal for them, and is part of what makes Pennsylvania such a culturally-diverse state.
The Pow-Wow practitioner is more closely allied with theology than medicine and feels he is a mediator between the patient and God. Among the Pennsylvania Germans, the "plain folk," such as the Amish, Dunkers, and the Mennonites, as well as among the Lutheran and German Reformed church members - Pow-Wow and the Pow-Wow doctor has a significant following. (read the full article HERE)
-The Origin and Practition of Pow-Wow
Among the Pennsylvania Germans
When we think of the "Pennsylvania Dutch" ( or Deitsch, or, more properly, German), we tend to think primarily of the Mennonites and the Amish. But these groups make up only a small fraction of the Pennsylvania German culture. The fact is, the majority of what remains of the Pennsylvania German culture here in our home state of Pennsylvania are 'regular folks' just like everyone else. Many of us no longer live on farms or in the early settlement areas once inhabited primarily by the Germanic/Swiss immigrants. However, our way of life is still our own, and we fiercely cling to those bits of our ancestor's culture that define us as one of the most influential cultures in American history.
Folk magic and faith healing are very much ingrained in the Pennsylvania German culture. And the Mennonites and Amish were not immune to this either, despite their strict religious views. In fact, powwowing and the Christian faith go hand-in-hand, and often the lines between biblical admonition against folk magic and powwowing are quite blurry.
"Sympathy curing, also called powwowing, plays a minor role in Amish healing even though some Amish condemn the practice. Powwowing is defined as a native brand of faith healing - using words, charms, amulets, and physical manipulations in an attempt to heal man or beast. Other terms used for powwowing are "charming", "conjuring", "to try for", and "to use" (a direct translation from the German term Brauche). Powwowing apparently has no direct connection to Indian folk medicine, but was transplanted to America by immigrants from the Rhineland and Switzerland. The practice is not unique to the Amish, for at one time it was a common healing art among Pennsylvania Germans."
--excerpt from Amish Society, Third Edition, by John A. Hostetler 1980
According to Don Yoder, foremost expert on the history of Powwowing, "Central to this form of religious healing is faith in God, faith in the powwow doctor, and the patient's faith in himself....Though powwow doctors will work on any kind of animal, adult patients must have been baptized as Christians. Exceptions are made for children not yet baptized." The full article, appearing on philly.com 1997, can be read HERE.
To study powwowing, one must really immerse themselves into the study of the Pennsylvania German culture, alongside the history of our religious development both in our ancestral countries of Switzerland, the Rhineland, Austria, and so forth, and here in Pennsylvania. The development of the two are very much intertwined. To follow the practice of powwowing throughout history is to follow the progress of our culture; from the earliest waves of immigration into the modern day. Sadly, the fading of powwowing from popular view is also a testament to the thinning out of Pennsylvania German culture, and a sad view of the loss of our cohesion. My fear is that someday our culture will be a thing of the past, and that is why I work so hard to preserve this information.
Powwowing, while well-known and practiced within Pennsylvania German society, was not always understood or accepted by those outside of our culture. The faith healing practices and home remedies were often a part of the reason that our ancestors were referred to as the "dumb dutch". But within our community, the practice flourished and was quite successful. We see more evidence of powwowing from the early 1800's forward, after the largest groups of immigrants came to this country. Prior to that it is more difficult to find evidence; at least here in America.
"An Anabaptist healer, it is recorded, cured sprained ankles in the following manner. "Between eleven and twelve o'clock at night he came to the patient's bed, opened a book of spells from which he read a few cabalistic formulas, while touching the injured foot from time to time with the tip of his outstretched hand, as to form a cross". Following this the healer continued reading beside the fireplace in a grave, deep-set voice for half an hour. The healing was not to take place until a second set of operations was concluded."
-The Amish, John A Hostetler
The medical profession had an intense dislike for the practices of powwowing and, as was standard at the time, they often did intensive studies of our cultural healing methods and wrote lengthy papers on them; most often in an attempt to paint the Pennsylvania German culture as superstitious and uneducated. One such example is Folk-Medicine of the Pennsylvania Germans, a lecture presented in May 1889 by W.J. Hoffman, M.D. While works like these are important because they help preserve aspects of Pennsylvania German folk healing that might otherwise not have been written down, the tone in which many of these professionals presented their findings is rather biased. You can read the entire text HERE.
In the early 1900's, it was common for scholars and other writers to label powwow doctors as "witch doctors". In most instances, this is a harmless usage of the term, although it can be misleading. In other cases, it's almost meant as a derogatory statement against a system of magic that the author does not personally believe in. Here is quote from the German Folklore Society, 1904, as a preface to a translation of The Long Hidden Friend, the precursor to The Long Lost Friend, by John George Hohman.
"This curious book was written in I8I9 by John George Hoh-man, and for almost a century has been held as a prime authority by the witch-doctors of this section. These witch-doctors are generally known as "hex-doctors " (German "hexe," a witch), and the practice of their arts is often called "pow-wowing." It must not be understood from these terms, however, that the witch-doctor is in league with the powers of darkness. On the contrary, he makes it his business to overcome by pious charms the malign influences of the witches who have placed their spells upon man or beast. Accordingly, the incantations of the witch-doctors make extensive use of religious symbols and prayers in which one easily recognizes the survivals of liturgical weapons employed by the mediaeval church in its warfare against witchcraft."
While the use of the term "witch doctors" sets my teeth on edge, I can forgive the author (Mr. Carleton F. Brown) because he has at least observed the facts correctly and identified powwowing as a Christian practice which is designed to undo the wiles of the witch.
One of the more interesting (to me) aspects of The Long Hidden Friend that has not carried over into later editions, is the instruction in many of the charms to repeat either the Creed or the Paternoster (Lord's Prayer) or the Ave Maria three times in order to complete the charm, as in this example:
A Morning Prayer on Land for Protection from Misfortune.
I (here pronounce your name) to-day purpose to go out. I will go God's path and way, where God and the Lord Jesus Christ have gone, and the Madonna and child, with her seven rings, with her true things. Oh, my dear Lord, I am thine own; let no dog bite me, no wolf bite me, no murderer kill me, protect me, oh God, this day. I stand in God's hand; there I bind myself; in God's hand am I bound by the sacred fire wound of our Lord God, that no weapon may injure me. Say three Pater Nosters, three Ave Marias, and the creed.
If you'd like to read The Long Hidden Friend, I recommend THIS LINK to The Journal of American Folklore. The book can be opened as a pdf document.
"It is a common sight to find a horse-shoe nailed upon the lintels of the stable doors, to insure good luck and safety to the animals, and it is still better if the horse-shoe be one that was found upon the highway.....That these practices and the later use of the horse-shoe originated with the rite of the Passover is probable. The blood upon the door-posts and upon the lintel (Exodus xii. 7) formed the chief points of an arch, and when the horse-shoe was invented it was naturally adopted by the superstitious as conforming to the shape, or outline, upon the primitive doorway, and in time it became the symbol of luck, or "safety to those residing under its protection."" (read the full article HERE)
-Folk-Lore of the Pennsylvania Germans, 1888
Where is Pennsylvania Dutch country?
If you travel to Pennsylvania, it is well worth a trip into Berks, Dauphin, Cumberland, Lancaster and York counties to see some of the finest examples of Pennsylvania Dutch living! Barns decorated with hex signs still dot the countryside; farmer's markets and PA Dutch shops are peppered throughout the counties. The Amish and Mennonite communities are prevalent throughout the region. Home cooking is never so good as it is in PA Dutch country. The PA Dutch live simple lives; strong in their faith in God and true to their cultural customs. In the past two or three hundred years, the Pennsylvania Dutch have migrated across the country and have made their homes in many states; such as Kentucky, Iowa, Ohio and Michigan. You can also find PA Dutch in Maryland and West Virginia, as well as other states. But nothing compares to the 'real' PA Dutch, the communities that are still very much alive in Pennsylvania.
This is my latest Pow-wow video offering a glimpse into the origins of this system and some of the basics as experienced through the Pennsylvania Dutch culture.
Hexerei, the dark side of folk magic...
Hexerei, in the mind of the PA Dutch, is the practice of witchcraft. Witchcraft, in the eyes of the early settlers, was identified as malevolent magic used to cause harm. Contrary to popular belief, there were no "good wiccan witches" in America prior to the coming of Ray Buckland, and so witchcraft was thought of as "bad" and that was that. Those who would "try" for you (as they called it, "trying" meant to work for you) and use their skills for good were the Brauchers, or Pow-wow. Those who were not-so-good would be referred to as Hexerei. Hexerei differs in it's approach to healing magic because it is self-serving; meaning designed only to satisfy the ego of the witch/hex who is working the magic. Where Pow-wow is a gift from God; used to heal and protect; Hexerei is a manifestation of the Ego and utilizes spirits and demons and other dark forces to attain the harmful and malevolent desires of the caster.
My advice to you: don't go there. I've personally known several individuals who have crossed this line, and it's done them no blessing, trust me.
"First, you must understand that the Dutch (PA Dutch) define a witch differently. There's none of this "good witch" and "bad witch" nonsense. A witch is a witch and is up to no good. Anyone with a moral agenda is a healer and a Braucher, not a witch."
-Once Upon a Hex, Dennis Boyer, 2004
"Whenever a witch died, her mantle descended to her daughter, and likewise the wiles of the witch doctors (powwower) who were supposed to be capable of combating her influence were usually handed down from father to son."
-The Pennsylvania German, page 116, Henry A. Schuler, 1908
"Accordingly, the incantations of the witch-doctors (powwowers) make extensive use of religious symbols and prayers in which one easily recognizes the survivals of liturgical weapons employed by the mediaeval church in its warfare against witchcraft."
-Journal of American Folklore, 1904
Pow-wow teaches dozens of charms to protect against witchcraft, and in fact places witches on equal footing with thieves, cheaters, robbers, murderers, evil spirits, and sometimes wild animals...
Like unto the cup, and the wine, and the holy supper, which our dear Lord Jesus Christ gave unto his dear disciples on Maundy Thursday, may the Lord Jesus guard me in day time, and at night, that no dog may bite me, no wild beast tear me to pieces, no tree fall on me, no water rise against me, no firearms injure me, no weapons, no steel, no iron cut me, no fire burn me, no false sentence fall upon me, no false tongue injure me, no rogue enrage me, and that no fiends, no witchcraft and enchantment can harm me. Amen. -Romanus-Buchlein, 1788
This video was filmed in 1971, it is a very rare look at the evolution of Witchcraft from the 1950's into the early 1970's.
NOTE: Where the mention is made of 'witchcraft'; this does not automatically include those who consider themselves to be 'witches' in the modern, primarily neo-pagan sense of the word; such as with the religion of Wicca. "Witchcraft"; as it applies to this website and the PA Dutch, is the practice of MALEVOLENT magic designed to cause discordance and harm. This website does not endorse or support this type of magic.
Daily charm to be spoken that nobody may hurt you and that you remain secured against all assailants
Now I will walk over the threshold. I meet three men, not yet very old. The first is God the Father; the other is God the Son; the third is God the Holy Spirit. They protect my body and soul, blood and flesh, that in no well I fall, that water may not swell me at all, that a rabid dog may never bite me, that shot and stone may never smite me, that spear and knife may never cut me; that never a thief may steal the least from me. Then it shall become like our dear Saviour's sweat. Whoever is stronger and mightier than these three men, he may come hither, assail me if he can, or forever keep his peace with me.
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Pennsylvania German Flag
The flag of the Pennsylvania Germans (sometime called 'the Pennsylvania Dutch', incorrectly, of course). "Die Pennsylfaanisch Deitsch Faahne" created by "Die Grossdaadi Grundsow Lodge" (The Grandfather Groundhog Lodge) and co-sponsored by other affiliated Pennsylvania German organizations. Dedicated Oct.6, 1989 in Lehigh County Courthouse, Allentown, Pennsylvania.
"COLORS: It is not just a coincidence that the Pennsylvania German flag uses the red, white and blue colors. It signifies that in spite of the ethnic backgrounds, we are first of all and foremost loyal and devoted Americans.
OTHER SYMBOLS on the flag:
SAILING SHIP 'CONCORD' - commemorates the journey from Krefeld to Germantown in 1683, the start of a great migration of German speaking people in search of greater religious freedom and better social and economic conditions in a new area of the world.
KEYSTONE - the symbol of Pennsylvania, the principal and permanent settlement for the majority of early German migrants.
CHURCH - indicative of the devoutness of the Pennsylvania Germans whose religious convictions were a strong motivating force in their daily lives.
PLOW - symbolizes probably the most predominant of Pennsylvania German professions, the farmer. The plow further symbolizes the Pennsylvania German farm as a source of food for state and nation.
HEART & TULIP - represents the great skills and contributions of the Pennsylvania Germans in the field of arts and crafts.
CONESTOGA WAGON - symbolizes the Pennsylvania German's contribution to the need for transportation. The"Ship of Inland Commerce", as it became known, played a very important role in the Revolutionary War under the guidance of Pennsylvania German teamsters. It also played a tremendous role in the westward expansion of our nation.
DIALECT EXPRESSION - "Liewer Gott Im Himmel Drin Loss Uns Deitsche Was Mir Sin" "Dear God in Heaven, Leave Us Germans What We Are", implying "Let us keep our traditional ways". This dialect expression symbolizes the main instrument of communication used by the Pennsylvania Germans in their everyday social and economic associations."
Chris Kretowicz, 18 September 2002 Read the full article HERE
"The Christian church was at the heart of the Pennsylvania German community."
-quote from Free Library of Philadelphia 'Fraktur Guide', a discussion and history of the Pennsylvania German culture and art
I love the Pennsylvania German flag and I hope that all of my efforts over the years to preserve the practice of PowWow in it's most traditional form helps to "keep our traditional ways". It was so important to the PA Dutch that they not lose their cultural identity. With the passing of my grandparents, very little remains in our family of their influence, so this site and all of my work is dedicated to them and all the family (known and unknown) in the Bankes, Henne, Koenig, and Hauser lines in my family from Berks County, Schuylkill County, and Austria.
The Pennsylvania Germans were of numerous religious persuasions; including Lutheran, Anabaptist (Mennonite and Amish), Quakers, Brethren, and Moravians. These were the main religious influences. Sometimes people mistake me for either Quaker or Brethren (might by my mystical side) or even Amish (?!). But the truth is that I'm a member of the Reformed (UCC) and ELCA church. Here is a nice article explaining the differences between these religious groups and how you can tell them apart.
If you'd like to read about the immigration of the people who would become known as the Pennsylvania Dutch, I recommend READING THIS. It is a record of the waves of immigration and early settlements in Pennsylvania.
For more history on the Pennsylvania Germans, I recommend this free book download, The Pennsylvania-German: devoted to the history, biography, genealogy, poetry, folk-lore, and general interests of the Pennsylvania Germans and their descendents.
Finally, no study of PA Dutch culture or PA Dutch PowWow would be complete without reading FOLK-LORE OF THE PENNSYLVANIA GERMANS published in 1888.
I've gotten several requests to translate German into English for various purposes. I love these emails but unfortunately I am no expert in German or PA Dutch dialect, so I recommend THIS LINK for easy translations. Keep in mind that there are variations in dialect and this translator is not a perfect system, but it will help. If you are interested in learning to speak the Pennsylvania German language, then go to THIS LINK for a series of lessons! It's free!
Here is a fairly extensive website called Pennsylvania Dutch LIfe. There are links to all sorts of pages of interest for those who want to learn more about the Pennsylvania Dutch culture.
Here is an interesting website that discusses some of the aspects of old Pennsylvania German tombstone decorations.
A documentary about the Nelson Rehmeyer murder; the infamous "Hex Murder" is in the works by filmmaker and Pennsylvania native Shane Free. I will be doing an interview with Mr. Free as part of the filming for my expertise on Powwowing. For more information, CHECK OUT THIS LINK, and be sure to like his page on facebook for updates and more information!
For several years now I have been working hard to keep the PowWow tradition alive and well, and offer proper and culturally/historically accurate information about our tradition to all those interested in learning!. I have had the pleasure and privelege of meeting and learning from some of the most reliable names in the PowWow tradition.
PowWow is an extremely important part of my life and I truly love the culture of the Pennsylvania Germans; a culture in which I was raised and am very much a part of today. Powwowing is more than a simple little magical system; it is truly a way of life. It's a devotion to the preservation of a culture, the power of faith, and the commitment to helping others. I have worked in many venues to teach Powwowing over the past few years; including public seminars, private group workshops, instructional videos, radio programs, online chat interviews, university lectures, discussion forums, this website, and my own published works.
This website was created to share my experience of Pennsylvania Dutch Powwowing with you and teach the system as it is known within our culture. There are many great websites and resources to help you understand the many different aspects of PA Dutch culture; including it's history, customs, beliefs, and even recipes!
For an extensive listing of links to many academic and historical sources about Pennsylvania German history, culture, religion, and powwow practice, please see the FREQUENT QUESTIONS link at the top of the screen.
If you'd like to read more scholarly work about the Pennsylvania Dutch, then I highly recommend the website archives for the Kutztown University Library, which can be viewed HERE.
If you are interested in reading about the progression of the Pennsylvania German language, which is a major identifying factor amongst the PA Dutch; it may even be said that it helped define the culture; I suggest reading THIS LINK.
Here's a good video of a young man speaking the Pennsylvania German dialect. Nowadays you hear this mostly at the local farmer's markets, as the use of the language is limited to private communities and some churches.
Here's a nice news clip about a local guy that teaches PA Dutch speak. (note: if the video does not appear below, hit your browser's refresh button, that should fix it)
Here is the WIKIPEDIA PAGE describing the Pennsylvania Dutch, who they are, where they come from, and how the culture has maintained a strong presence in South Eastern and South Central Pennsylvania for over 300 years.
The PENNSYLVANIA GERMAN SOCIETY is dedicated to the preservation of the PA German culture, in all of it's aspects. While my website deals specifically with PA Dutch Powwowing, that is just one small part of our culture. Check out their website for updates on all the great work they do!
My grandparents were Pennsylvania German through and through (descended from Henne, Koenig and Hauser lines in Berks County and Austria), and I remember meals at my grandparent's home were always a good time, with lots to choose from (and nothing healthy!)... The only thing I didn't like was dandelion leaves with hot bacon dressing (yuck). I found a nice blog with all of my favorite PA German recipes that remind me of home! GO HERE to check them out!
There are many individuals working hard to preserve the culture and language and beliefs and customs of the Pennsylvania Dutch. For those interested in helping to preserve the culture, preserve the tradition of Powwowing, and learn the system of Powwowing for themselves, this website is for you. :)
Me watching the workshop attendees practice a healing charm. Moonbeams in a Jar (Selinsgrove Pennsylvania), Powwowing seminar November 2010. This was my first experience teaching Powwowing in a public venue and I had traveled nearly three hours to do this seminar. When we arrived at the shop and began setting up my equipment, I realized I had left all of my seminar notes at home and just went with it and it ended up being a fantastic seminar. :) That's when I learned that if you are passionate about something, you don't need notes. I do my best teaching when I don't plan it out.
Hex signs are a common site on barns in PA Dutch country; particularly in Berks County, but also common in other Southeastern and Southcentral PA counties. The rosetta is a common symbol on hex signs. Most hex signs are made with primary colors.
This is one of the groups I taught while in Charleston, West Virginia (January 2011). There were two back-to-back seminars that day. It was exhausting, but loads of fun. There were two really awesome groups of people and, I didn't know it until this event, but the folks in Charleston have a lot of knowledge about Appalachia Granny Magic, which is not so common here in PA Dutch country. Although the practices are related in many ways, their magic has a unique energy that I had never experienced until that day.
This was my first chapbook, published in 2010. I was very pleased with this booklet and the lesson I learned from making this was that there is a need and a want for proper PowWow information. Because of the success of that booklet, this website came into creation.
In April 2012 I was invited by Indiana University of Pennsylvania to speak at a religious studies class then the next day asked to do a seminar for the University about PA Dutch PowWow. This was definitely one of the coolest experiences I ever had; traveling to Indiana PA, meeting some really cool kids and professors, and having a chance to share what I love with the school. This picture is me (on the right) and the computer tech guy (on the left) setting up my projector. It was a great time!
This is the trade paperback version of my newest chapbook. I prefer this to the Kindle version because I was able to flesh out a little of the information and correct a few typos that are in the Kindle version (!). My goal is to put out a few such chapbooks in the next year.
In Spring 2012 Bill and I met up with my good friend, Chris Bilardi (left), and a mutual friend, Patrick Donmoyer (center). Chris is the author of the Red Church, the best work on PA Dutch Braucherei that I've ever seen. Patrick works with the Kutztown University Historical Society in Berks County PA and studies all aspects of Pennsylvania Dutch culture. This picture was taken at Stony Creek Inn, an authentic Austrian restaurant in Berks County. One of the most memorable points of this day was the group of older Austrian people sitting at a nearby table singing traditional Austrian songs.
As is traditional in Pennsylvania Dutch culture, PowWow is an aspect of religion, and that religion is often Lutheran or Anabaptist. In some instances, Catholics practice PowWow (Hohman was a Catholic). In my church, PowWow is a part of our congregation's history and many within the congregation have either had personal experience with a PowWow in their community or have had a PowWow in the family. This is the truest and most sincere manifestation of PowWow; a part of the people, the culture, and the church.
Bill and I live about 30 minutes away from the Nelson Rehmeyer homestead. This is me at the Rehmeyer house in 2011, reading the plaque posted on the porch.
My own private workshop at home for my PowWow. I put a lot of research and study into my work and nothing is produced without proper adherence to astrological timing. I take my PowWow very seriously and need a private room to myself for this work. This room is not where I do my healing work for clients-that takes place in the living room or wherever I happen to be at the time. This personal space is my sanctum-sanctorum, only I'm allowed in here with my PowWow stuff. :)
Want to experience some authentic PA German music? Watch this video! (note: if the video does not appear below, hit your browser's refresh button, that should fix it)
This healing tract is from a Lutheran Pastor, George Mennig (1773-1833), who was also a PowWow doctor. The tract, written in German, is from Schuylkill County PA. It is a cure for 'wildfire' and reads "wildfire fly, fly, fly...the red string chase you away."
I recommend reading through each page, making sure you follow all links. On the right side of each page I have featured charms (that you may copy as you like), recommended reading (never stop learning), and links to my latest blogs. Take your time, there is a lot of information here. I am constantly updating and changing this site, so what you see today may not be what you see tomorrow. I am continuosly seeking out new information to share here. Please understand that this site is specifically devoted to preserving the practice of PowWow in it's most historically and culturally accurate form. I have included links to various other sites and pages that deal specifically with other aspects of our wonderful culture. Please follow the links and learn as much as you can. If your intention is to practice PowWow, then a thorough education on Pennsylvania Dutch culture is necessary. Thank you for taking the time to browse my site, I hope it provides you much education and enjoyment, and I hope you come back often! And please feel free to contact me! email@example.com
My newest chapbook, Charms and Cures in the tradition of Pennsylvania Dutch PowWow, is now available! This little workbook contains a brief history and overview of the PA Dutch PowWow tradition, as well as starter charms, astrological information, herbal information, and all the basics for beginning your own practice as a PowWow. The goal was to create a simple and user-friendly book modeled after the old PA Dutch culture intro that clearly explained the HOW's of the tradition so the reader can start practicing PowWow right away with enough information to start building a solid reputation as a PowWow.
I am very excited about this book and I believe it's a long overdue project! The purchase price of the book is $8.99!
Here's a review of my work by my good friend Chris Bilardi, author of The Red Church (the best work on the subject of PowWow to date):
"The author is, admittedly, a friend of mine. In 2010 he produced an excellent (but unfortunately now out of print) monograph on the subject of Pennsylvania Dutch Powwowing. It was very practical and to-the-point for those who wanted to get their hands dirty. In that same spirit Chapman has now produced this version of many of his earlier essays on Powwowing.
Chapman's language is very straight-forward and down-to-earth, making the instructions for powwowing easily accessible to those who have never attempted working this form of folk healing and magic. He lightly covers the areas of history and theory, enough to satisfy those who are curious."
-Chris Bilardi, author, The Red Church, the Art of Pennsylvania German Braucherei
There are many in America who believe neither in a hell nor in a heaven; but in Germany there are not so many of these persons found. I, Hohman, ask: Who can immediately banish the wheal, or mortification? I reply, and I, Hohman, say: All this is done by the Lord. Therefore, a hell and a heaven must exist; and I think very little of any one who dares deny it.
-John George Hohman, Long Lost Friend, Reading PA 1820
Whatever objections may be raised against this book by disbelief and jealousy, these pages will, despite all such objections, contain naught else but truth divine, since Christ himself hath commanded that all ye may perform, ye shall do in the name of God, the Son, and the Holy Spirit, so that the Devil may not possess any power over anything whatsoever to do his will; and it will thus happen unto many persons, as was experienced by Job, who, having lost his fortune and his children, by his endurance and perseverance in the belief of God, and the blessings of the good deeds which were performed by him every day, Job wrested the power from the Devil, and he afterward became wealthier than he ever was before. Thus we also must act, that is, bless our possessions, our homes, and entrust them to the care of the Lord, and doubtless the Devil will have to retire and succumb.
-Egyptian Secrets of Albertus Magnus, Allentown PA 1869